For example, a 2020 exam of 14 studies (including more than 1,100 participants) examined the effects of mindfulness practices on the blood pressure of people with health conditions such as hypertension, diabetes or cancer. The analysis found that for people with these conditions, practicing mindfulness-based stress reduction was associated with a “significant reduction in blood pressure”.
Also, a 2019 analysis of 18 studies (1,654 total participants) found that mindfulness meditation practices “improved sleep quality more than education-based treatments.” However, it is important to note that the effects of mindfulness meditation approaches on sleep quality were no different than those of evidence-based treatments such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and exercise.
Finally a 2019 analysis of 29 studies (3,274 participants in total) showed that the use of mindfulness practices in people with cancer “significantly reduced” psychological distress, fatigue, sleep disturbances, pain and symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Despite these seemingly positive results, the NIH notes that individuals should not use meditation or mindfulness to replace conventional care or as a reason to delay seeing a medical professional such as a general practitioner about a medical problem, especially something as serious as cancer or high blood pressure. .